The main types of domestic fire are open fire, freestanding stove, cassette or inset fire and bioethanol burner. There are traditionally many materials which are used, cast iron firebacks from the Victorian Era, firebricks, marble, granite and many more.
Some materials can withstand higher working temperatures than others and some types of fire generate more heat around the fireplace than others.
Open Fire – the base, sides and back of an open fire can be made from cast iron, pre-cast fireback, firebricks with Heatproof Mortar or the standard brickwork or blockwork rendered with Fireplace Render at least 25mm thick.
Natural stones such as granite and marble should not be in direct contact with the fire. Neither should any type of board or tile be in direct contact with a fire.